Connect with us

Articles of 2005

Raging Bull: 25 to Life (Act 2)



Fast forward two years. It’s February 5, 1943 and we’re in Detroit. There’s a fight, and it’s the rematch between LaMotta and Robinson. We’re in the middle of the ring and Jake is clobbering Sugar Ray. Don Dunphy picks up the action.

“Now LaMotta’s hurt Robinson. A right to the jaw. A left to the body of Robinson. It’s anybody’s fight at this point. LaMotta hits Robinson again. A left to the jaw. A right to the body. Robinson comes back with a right on the nose. LaMotta lands a left and a right to the head, a hard left hand to the body, and Robinson is driven out of the ring for the first knockdown of his career.”

Jake LaMotta beats Sugar Ray Robinson, handing the great one his first loss.

In the next scene we’re in the bedroom with Jake and Vickie. He’s wearing white boxers. She’s in a sheer white negligee. “Come here,” Jake says. Vickie plays coy. “You sure we should be doin’ this?” “Come here,” repeats Jake. “You said never to touch you before a fight. You’ve been good for two weeks.” “Take off my pants,” Jake says. Vickie hesitates. “You know how to take off my pants?” “You made me promise not to get you excited.” “Take off your panties.” Vickie does as she is told. Vickie moves to the bed. She gingerly kisses the hair on Jake’s chest. She slowly works her way below her husband’s belt. Vickie tells Jake she likes “the gym smell.” “What?” Vickie repeats, “The smell of the gym.”

Jake fights Robinson a third time, again in Detroit, at the Olympia Stadium. Don Dunphy is ringside: “LaMotta and Robinson meet for the third time. These men are unique, becoming classic rivals. These two men – fierce, powerful fighters – dangerous – so much so that no other fighter will go near them. And so, they fight each other, three weeks apart. They’ve each won one. And they’ll probably fight again, the way it looks now. They go to close quarters at the bell.”

It’s the last round “with Sugar Ray well ahead on points. LaMotta may need a knockout. The left hook to the jaw – and Robinson is down for the second time in his career. He was down in the last fight, too. LaMotta watches Sugar Ray take the count from the referee. Robinson gets to his feet and the ref wipes off his glove. Despite being knocked down, Robinson is well ahead on points.”

Jake catches Robinson and knocks him down again. The bell sounds to end the fight.

The judges tally their scorecards. Robinson wins by decision.

In the dressing room after the fight, Joey’s trashing the dump, while Jake shakes his head in disbelief. “I knocked him down,” Jake says. “I don’t know what else I gotta do?”

In a series of short masterful strokes Scorsese parachutes us through time and space. He gives us a simulation, with faded and scratched color film, of Super-8 home movies, based on the Jake’s actual home movies, where we see the LaMottas at love and play, growing, marrying, being fruitful and multiplying, between a series of black and white stills of Jake in action: LaMotta vs. Kochan (New York/September 17, 1945), La Motta vs. Edgar (Detroit/June 12, 1946), La Motta vs. Satterfield (Chicago/September 12, 1946), and La Motta vs. Bell (New York/March 14, 1947).

We visit Jake and Vickie’s new home on Pelham Parkway in the Bronx and we’re back to black and white. The camera moves through the house and one hears, in the voice of a foreigner, these words coming from the TV: “Yeah, child. I am coming back and bash you on your head one more time.”

Jake and Joey, surrounded by their wives and kids, are arguing. Jake says, “Don’t ever do that Janiro bullsh** again. No more deals like that, you hear what I’m sayin’?” “What are ya talking’ about?” “What am I talkin’ about?” Jake grabs a roll of flab from around his waist. “What am I talkin’ about? Look at that – 168 pounds!” “Stop eatin,” Joey says. “I told ya I didn’t wanna do it in the first place, didn’t I?” “You’re the one who told me you could get down to 155 pounds,” says Joey. “I don’t know if I’m gonna make it down to 155. I’m lucky I made it to 160 … You’re supposed to be my manager! You’re supposed to know what you’re doin’!”

Joey asks, “Do you wanna a title shot?”

Jake says, “What am I a circus over here?”

Joey explains: “You’ve been killing yourself for three years now, right? There’s nobody left for you to fight. Everybody’s afraid to fight you. Okay. Along comes the kid Janiro. He don’t know any better. He’s a young kid, up and comin’, he’ll fight anybody. Good, you fight him. Bust his hole. Tear him apart. What are you worried about?”

Jake says “I’m worried about my weight.”

Joey is philosophical. “Now let’s say you win, you beat Janiro. Which you definitely should beat him, right? If you win, you win. If you lose, you still win. There’s no way you can lose, and you do it on your own.”

“Joey’s right,” chimes in Vickie offhandedly. “This Janiro is an up-and-coming fighter, he’s good-lookin’, he’s popular. You beat him now –”

“Excuse me,” Jake interrupts. “What do you mean good-lookin’?”

“I’m not saying good-lookin’. I’m saying popular.”

“Excuse me, excuse me, what do ya mean, 'good-lookin'? … What are you an authority or what? Get out of here. Get outta here. Take the baby and get outta here.”

With Vickie gone things should cool down, but that’s not possible around Jake.

“Where she’d find out he’s good-lookin’ first of all?” Jake asks Joey. “When I’m away, you ever notice anything funny goin’ on with her? I want you to keep an eye on her when I’m away, all right? You and I both know any woman, given the right time, the right place, the right circumstances, they’ll do anything, right?”

Joey tries to explain to Jake that he misunderstood what Vickie meant. “She was talkin’ on your behalf.” “On my behalf? She was talkin’ about a pretty kid, sayin’ he’s good-lookin’.” “So you make him ugly,” Joey says. “What’s the difference?”

We’re at the Copa with glamorous Jake and Vickie LaMotta. Jake is introduced to the crowd of politicians, celebrities, mob guys and their molls as the future middleweight champion of the world. He stands and gives a friendly wave. They applaud the boxing sensation. Jake looks around the room and sees Salvy and the boys. Jake makes a face. Salvy walks to Jake and Vickie’s table and says “I’m over there with Tommy Como” (the film’s proxy for Frankie Carbo). “Why don’t you come over and have a drink.” Jake smiles and waves at Tommy. Salvy returns to Tommy’s table.

Vickie tells Jake she needs to go to the bathroom. Jake wants to know why. She looks at him like he’s nuts. He looks at her like she’s his property.

Returning from the ladies room, Vickie stops by Tommy’s table to say hi to Salvy and the gang. Tommy asks her to sit down and have a drink. “I can’t,” Vickie says. “I have to get back to Jake. I just came by to say hello.” She returns to Jake’s table. Tommy says, “Not a bad kid that Vickie.” Salvy says, “She’s with that [bleepin’] gorilla.”

Vickie persuades Jake to go and say hello to Tommy. Jake rises and makes his way to Tommy’s table. He sits, smiles, and looks ill at ease. Tommy, with his eye on the betting action, asks Jake what’s going to happen when he fights Janiro.

“I'm gonna open his hole like this,” Jake says with a silly grin on his face. “Please excuse my French. I'm gonna make him suffer. I'm gonna make his mother wish she never had him, make him into dog meat … He's a nice, a nice kid. He's a pretty kid, too. I mean, I don't know, I gotta problem if I should [bleep] him or fight him.”

Everyone has a good laugh.

When Jake meets Janiro at the Garden on June 6, 1947, he’s a man on a mission. After all, Janiro is the kid Vickie described as “good lookin’,” so he’s a surrogate for all the bums who are screwing her in Jake's paranoia-addled mind.

LaMotta does what he’s been hired to do and rearranges Janiro’s features. With blood, sweat, tears and phlegm flying in a million different directions, Janiro morphs into something even his mother wouldn’t recognize. Jake unleashes his hellish demons on Janiro, who finally, gratefully, in slow-motion no less, goes down … but not before it’s too late.

As Tommy tells a friend at the end of the fight: “He ain't pretty no more.”

We’re back at the Copa a second time. Joey sees Vickie with Salvy and is enraged at the thought that something is going on. Joey grabs Vickie and says, “You're makin' an [a-hole] out of my brother.” When Salvy insists it’s an innocent get-together, Joey says, “Mind your [bleepin’] business and shut up.” “There's nothin' goin' on over here.” Joey is not convinced and smashes a glass in Salvy's face. A brawl ensues, which eventually spills out onto the street. Outside the club, Joey hits Salvy over the head with a metal stanchion. Salvy tries to escape and makes his way halfway into a cab. Joey slams the door repeatedly into Salvy's body.

Tommy heard what happened at the Copa and doesn’t like it one bit. He calls for a meeting between Joey and Salvy at the Debonair Social Club. At Tommy’s insistence, the warring parties agree to a ceasefire and the former friends kiss and make-up. Salvy – looking a little worse for wear with his arm in a sling and a bandage above his eye – sheepishly exits, leaving Tommy and Joey alone.

Tommy says to Joey: “Listen to me. Now, Jake – the guy's become an embarrassment. He's embarrassin' me with certain people. And I'm lookin' very bad. I can't deliver a kid from my own goddamned neighborhood. What is it with him? Why does he have to make it so hard on himself, for Christ's sake? He comes to me – I'll make it easier for him. The man's got a head of rock.”

Joey understands all too well. “You know, it's hard to explain, Tommy. Jake respects you. I mean, he don't even say hello to anybody. You know, you he talks to, he likes you. It's just that, uh, when he gets somethin' on his mind, you know, he's got a hard head, he likes to do things his own way. I mean, Jesus Christ he'd come off the cross sometimes and he don't give a [bleep]. He's gonna do what he wants to do. He wants to make it on his own, you know. Thinks he can make it on his own.”

“Make it on his own,” Tommy repeats in disbelief. “He thinks he's gonna walk in there and become champion on his own? … You tell him, I don't care how colorful he is or great he is. He could beat all the Sugar Ray Robinsons and the Tony Janiros in the world, but he ain't gonna get a shot at that title – not without us he ain't.”

Tommy and the boys made some good money off Jake when he fought Janiro, so it’s time to make some good money off Jake again. Dangling the lure of a shot at the middleweight crown in front of LaMotta, he agrees, with Joey’s encouragement (“The good news is – you're gonna get the shot at the title. And the bad news is – they want ya to do the old flip-flop for 'em”), to take a dive in his fight with Billy Fox. Jake meets Fox in Madison Square Garden on November 14, 1947 and his performance is pathetic. The ref calls a halt to the sham at 2:23 of the fourth round and awards a technical decision to Fox.

In his locker room after the fight, Jake is despondent and weeps. “What’d I do? What’d I do?” He is beyond consolation. “Why’d I do it? Why’d I do it?”

Back home the next morning, Jake is back to his old self and slams a newspaper on the kitchen table. The headline of the New York Daily News from November 22, 1947 reads “BOARD SUSPENDS LAMOTTA.”

“They got some balls,” Jake says to Joey. “Some balls. I take the dive. What more do they want? They want me to go down too? I ain’t goin’ down for nobody!”

Joey tells Jake that Tommy won't forget him.

“I look like a bum,” says Jake, “like a mammalucco. Like a mammalucco of the year.”


Articles of 2005

In Boxing News: Floyd Mayweather An All-Time Great, Valuev & More



A Shot of Boxing on the Last Day of the Year

The Guardian reports that talks have already taken place between Nicolay Valuev‘s co-promoters – Don King and Wilfried Sauerland – and Danny Williams‘ promoter Frank Warren for Nicolay Valuev to face Danny Williams. I’d suggest Danny Williams needs to worry about Matt Skelton (who Williams is reportedly scheduled to fight in February) before he entertains notions of facing the Beast From The East.

The Mirror in the UK looks forward to a big year in boxing for 2006. The Mirror considers what the future might bring for Joe Calzaghe, Amir Khan and Ricky Hatton, among others.

The Parksville Qualicum News has an interesting column on the travails of former Canadian Super Middleweight title holder Mark Woolnough. Woolnough’s career turned controversial – as widely reported in the Canadian press – at the beginning of this year when Woolnough and four other men were charged with manslaughter and assault after a fight outside a Parksville nightclub. The case returns to court next month. It’s an interesting read, as Woolnough is still looking to the future with hope.

Our own Marc Lichtenfeld provides plenty of food for thought with his Top Ten Wish List for boxing in the New Year. There’s plenty of good stuff here, but what really jumped out for me is Lichtenfeld’s opinion that a win over Zab Judah could have Floyd Mayweather knocking on the door of all-time great status. Seems to me this might be jumping the gun a little. Or is Marc right? Will it soon be time to call Floyd Mayweather Jr. an all-time great?

(More Boxing News Links at

Continue Reading

Articles of 2005

ShoBox Friday Night Fights




Hot bantamweight prospect Raul “The Cobra” Martinez heads back to Chicago next Friday night as he is featured in the co-main event of SHOBOX “THE NEW GENERATION,” an action packed evening of professional boxing presented by Dominic Pesoli’s 8 Count Productions,’ HOME OF THE BEST IN CHICAGO BOXING, Kathy Duva’s Main Events Inc., along with Miller Lite and TCF Bank.

The two-time national amateur champion sporting a perfect 12-0 record with 9 knockouts, six of which have come in the first round,  will take on Colombian Andres “Andy Boy” Ledesma, 13-1 (8 KOs) in a scheduled eight round bout.

Speaking after a training session at his home gym in Georgetown, Texas, Martinez said, “I’m truly looking forward to returning to Chicago. The fans were terrific in September, they were very supportive from the start of the fight,” an internationally televised first round knockout of Miguel Martinez on September 16th at the Aragon Ballroom.

Regarding his upcoming fight with Ledesma, “The Cobra” said, “I haven’t seen him fight, although I understand he’s fought at higher weights and will be naturally bigger than me. I’ve had great training for this fight and feel very confident. I really haven’t left the gym in months, just taking off Sunday’s and even then I get my running in. My thinking is that fights are won in the gym and complete preparation is the key.”

When asked about his being mentioned by Dan Rafael, ESPN’s boxing writer as one of the top prospect’s in the boxing world the 23-year-old San Antonio native said, ‘It’s a great compliment, but I still have much work to do. I want to be a champion for Main Events like Fernando Vargas and Arturo Gatti. But like Fernando said while he was in town, ‘be patient, work hard and your time will come.’”

Finishing the conversation, Martinez said, “I’m looking forward to starting out this year with a bang. I might have a couple less fights than the seven I had in 2005, but I’m looking to stepping up the competition, move up to ten-rounders and climb in the rankings.”

Headlining the evening is a ten-round welterweight showdown between boxing’s hottest prospect, unbeaten Joel Julio of Monteria, Columbia, and Ugandan native Roberto “The Doctor” Kamya. Julio, turning 21 years old the day before the fight, is 25-0 with 22 knockouts, twelve of which have come in the first two rounds. Kamya, now fighting out of West Palm Beach, Florida is 15-5 with four knockouts.

Tickets, starting at $30, are on sale in advance by calling 312-226-5800. Cicero Stadium is located at 1909 S. Laramie, at the corner of 19th and Laramie, just ten minutes south of the Eisenhower Expressway and ten minutes north of the Stevenson Expressway. Doors for this evening will open at 6pm with the first bell at 7pm.

The full bout lineup for the evening is:

Joel Julio vs. Roberto Kamya, ten rounds, welterweights

Raul Martinez vs. Andres Ledesma, eight rounds, bantamweights

Miguel Hernandez vs. Butch Hajicek, eight rounds, middleweights

David Pareja vs. Derek Andrews, eight rounds, light heavyweights

Mike Gonzales vs. Tony Kinney, four rounds, lightweights

Omar Reyes vs. Luis Navarro, five rounds, featherweights

Reynaldo Reyes vs. Ricardo Swift, four rounds, middleweights

Continue Reading

Articles of 2005

Pick ‘Em: Plenty of Big Upcoming Fights in ’06



Here’s the early call on many top matches scheduled for the first half of 2006: Happy New Year!

As the new calendar dawns, there are already a considerable amount of premium bouts on the horizon. Things don’t look to be bogged down by undetermined championships next year. In many cases the scheduled face-offs involve the best fighters in the division, or at least close enough for general bragging rights. If anybody else with proper qualifications signs up to force the issue, all the better.

It can be argued that some pairings could have taken place within a more optimal timeframe, or that some headliners carry distracting baggage, but there are certainly enough heavy hitters on deck. That nobody can deny.

It doesn’t matter whether one considers the proverbial glass half empty or half full; there’s still the same amount of juice in the vessel. It’s nice to know that even with a high number of cancellations, there will still be plenty of important contenders on tap.

With elite fighters in weight divisions from top to bottom on the agenda, it’s an equivalent to what fans in more mainstream sports expect in a consistent championship format.

Baseball fans can almost always count on a World Series. Some hoops fanatics say too much attention to playoffs distracts unmotivated NBA teams during their regular season. In college, they project Sweet Sixteens. Football fans know there’s always a Super Bowl ahead to raise advertising dollars and test the USA’s halftime morals.

So too, there is method in boxing’s current madness.

The midnight crystal ball hasn’t even been unveiled in Times Square and there are already a number of potential thrillers scheduled. Most feature contrasting personalities that almost guarantee going along for the ride will be worthwhile. Any subsequent drops will probably be cheered.

Don King jumps right out of the auld lang gate with a January 7th Showtime card featuring Zab Judah against Carlos Baldomir and Jean-Marc Mormeck in a cruiserweight unification against O’Neil Bell.

It will be the upset of the year, bar none, if Baldomir can tip the applecart before Judah gets to his scheduled super-showdown with Floyd Mayweather Jr. Meanwhile, Mormeck is emerging and should keep on rolling against Bell, who can expose him if he’s not for real.

The proverbial Big Bang starts with a January 21st rematch of one of the finest fights of ‘05, when Erik Morales goes against Manny Pacquaio for the second time on HBO pay per view. The fact that Morales was upset by Zahir Raheem after beating Pacquaio was no real loss in box-office luster. Artful Raheem will get a spot on the undercard and hope his patience is rewarded.

Everyone figures Morales and Pacquaio will pick up where they left off. Like the first time, the rematch is a pick’em contest. Management distractions and glove restrictions cited as Pacquaio’s previous problems won’t matter this time. The two are very evenly matched and their styles will make for another whapathon. It could come down to corners, where Freddie Roach gets the edge since Morales will have a new trainer for the first time since replacing his father after the Raheem lesson.

February features four of the game’s most enduring attractions, in a pair of crucial matchups.

First up, Showtime presents the Jose Luis Castillo – Diego Corrales tiebreaker from El Paso on Feb 4th. This is another pick ‘em pair, barring any sideshow. In boxing that disclaimer may be a stretch, since the sideshow is part of the act and the charm.

As far as action inside the strands goes, every round these guys have fought has been great. There’s no reason to think that pattern won’t continue. Regarding the result, Castillo keeps the pressure on as he did in the second fight, but he’ll walk into trouble from a more reserved Corrales. We still don’t know which coin to flip.

February also holds a better late than never affair between two perennial favorites as Shane Mosley collides with Fernando Vargas on the 25th.  This fight could lead to a winning ticket in the Golden Boy sweepstakes for a fall bonanza against Oscar De La Hoya.

Vargas has been in tougher recently, based on comparable strength of opposition stats, but he’s seen little action. What weight they enter the ring at may have a lot to do with the result. If Vargas has to struggle at the scale, Mosley might have the battle in the bag after round nine.

It’s hard to imagine Mosley getting stopped early, but Vargas doesn’t have to hurt him, he just has to knock him down three times. With natural size, he may be able to do just that, but Mosley would have to box uncharacteristically flat.

Unless Mosley decides to heed the crowd, the most likely scenario is that Shane plays it safe, picks a few shots, and stays away enough to capture a comfortable, dull decision. An unbowed Vargas maintains his fan base but not his bettors.

March both comes in and goes out as a lion.

On March 4th Joe Calzaghe welcomes Jeff Lacy to Manchester UK for what may be the biggest blowout of the headlining bunch. Calzaghe gets the chance to prove his considerable home-based reputation once and for all, but if Lacy creams him as we expect, that glossy record will be severely tarnished.

All Calzaghe has to do is make a respectable stand, but that’s no small task against the rising Lacy. A motivated Calzaghe, songs of England ringing in his ears, could pull a big surprise if he can exploit Lacy’s relatively limited technical development, but that’s a longshot indeed.

It looks like Lacy can get by on power alone. He could soon emerge as a pound-for-pound leader. Old Joe’s hometown advantage will last about two left hooks.

March 11th has the Ides of history to beware for at least one old lion, with farewell (we’ll see) fireworks featuring Roy Jones Jr. against Bernard Hopkins. Less than two years ago they were considered untouchable all time greats. Now between them they’ve lost five in a row.

This goodbye fight is contracted at light heavyweight, for what seems like an oldies night. Hopkins is the senior at age 41 to Jones’s 37, but Roy seems more the grandpa figure, last seen hanging on against Antonio Tarver. Youth, as it were here, will prevail.

This bout was signed quickly as each principal, usually sticklers for favorable contract clauses, agreed to parity in a demonstration of businessman first and fighter second. They may both expect easy marks. How much the boys have left by the time they get down to business remains to be seen. The history books will show this as a climactic career bout between Hall of Famers.

At 175 pounds, Hopkins may be in for rude awakening. Jones may have been more thoroughly outfought recently, but he was rumbling with bigger, tougher men than Jermain Taylor or Howard Eastman. Respectable as he is, Taylor still falls short of the level of Tarver, at least for now. The difference is still fifteen pounds less pop.

It will be quite a feat if Hopkins can stay in the fight, even at Jones’s advanced age. Our stars point to Jones winning in overwhelming fashion.

On March 18th, James Toney meets Hasim Rahman in another pairing of seasoned war-horses.

Toney and Rahman already had their introductions, when they brawled in Mexico during a WBC gathering to bestow Rahman’s new belt. Between formalities, Toney got married, which could bring up the old questions about carnal training.

Let’s hope when they meet in the ring, they restore some of the fire missing from the heavyweights in ‘05.  Toney might have an edge in recent form, but Rahman shows fine tuning he previously lacked. The winner might get newly “crowned’ Nicolai Valuev, an easy payday outside Germany.

Rahman could be the heavyweight that finally makes Toney look like a blown up middleweight. But anything less than a top effort will probably lead to embarrassing night for the Rock and give Toney solid claim to being the true heavyweight champ.

This might not be the most artful fight of the new season, but it could well be the most grueling, and the closest. He who’s faced the better big boys gets the nod. Advantage Rahman.

March 25 features Marco Antonio Barrera, probably the strongest overall claimant to 130 pound honors. The likely opponent is said to be always tough Jesus Chavez.

Chavez seemed rejuvenated when he met Leavander Johnson, but Johnson’s tragic death may have taken some of the steam out of thoughtful Chavez, said to have received Johnson’s family blessing to continue in Leavander’s name. That could mean a lot of inspiration. Either way, if he does meet Chavez, who hung tough with one arm against Erik Morales, Barrera won’t get any slack. The Fates say Chavez, whose wife recently served in Iraq, is a live, live underdog.

Another clash to be King of the Hill finds Floyd Mayweather Jr, arguably the game’s finest practitioner, bumping heads with Zab Judah, one of very few boxers who rivals Mayweather in speed, skills, and brashness.

Their hoedown, scheduled for April 8th, is one of the top pound-for-pound pairings in recent years. Judah will need a career best performance to have a chance of victory. That’s not to say he can’t pull it off, but currently Mayweather is in a different galaxy in terms of punching power. Slow-motion replays may be the only way to follow the flying fists once these two whirlwinds unload.

Mayweather should be around a 4-1 favorite. Judah is good enough to make taking the odds an attractive proposition, since that’s probably as good of odds as one is likely to see on Floyd for a while. Mayweather will stop Judah in his tracks.

The first half of next year is set to conclude with the star power of Oscar De La Hoya, probably against noteworthy foil Ricardo Mayorga on May 6. There could be some snags before a contract is finalized, but if it comes off count on Mayorga for promotional sound bite nastiness. One of the questions is whether or not he’ll be able to get under Oscar’s skin, and it might actually be entertaining to see the classy, model perfect De La Hoya show he’s human and freak out against the Nicaraguan maniac.

Mayorga may have burnt his best bridges already. De La Hoya has not only the boxing skill to negate Mayorga’s offense, but enough power to end it early. If Mayorga rushes in and causes a cut, De La Hoya might get ruffled enough to duck into defense and Mayorga could get a decision that goes to the cards after six rounds or so. It will be wild for as long as it lasts.

Pro boxing, like many sports, had its share of problems during 2005, but there were also many positives. Most notably, as usual, was superior and inspiring action inside the strands. Unless there’s a mass freeze-up at the top, early 2006 figures to see decisive interaction among many well-known fighters.

If even fifty per cent of the aforementioned pairings come to fruition, it’s a strong likelihood the upcoming year has at least one very positive half. Arturo Gatti, Miguel Cotto, Antonio Margarito, Brian Viloria, and Shannon Briggs, to name a few, are also on deck. No matter how you chose to look at or measure mass qualities, there’s still just as much good to be seen.

Continue Reading